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 mandarin words in time and days w/ tips

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theresa0291
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PostSubject: mandarin words in time and days w/ tips   Mon Mar 30, 2009 5:26 am

Time

now 现在 xiànzài
later 以后, yǐhòu or shāohòu
before 以前, yǐqián
morning 早上, zǎoshàng
noon 中午, zhōngwǔ
afternoon 下午, xiàwǔ
evening/night 晚上, wǎnshàng
midnight 半夜 bànyè or 午夜 (wǔyè)

Clock time

What time is it? 现在几点? Xiànzài jǐ diǎn?
It is nine in the morning. 早上9点钟。 Zǎoshàng jǐu diǎn zhōng.
Three-thirty PM. 下午3点半. Xiàwǔ sān diǎn bàn.
438 PM. 下午3点38分 (xiàwǔ sāndiǎn sānshíbā fēn).

Duration

_____ minute(s) _____ 分钟 fēnzhōng
_____ hour(s) _____ 小时 xiǎoshí
_____ day(s) _____ 天 tiān
_____ week(s) _____ 星期 xīngqī
_____ month(s) _____ 月 yùe
_____ year(s) _____ 年 nián

Days

today 今天 jīntiān
yesterday 昨天 zuótiān
the day before yesterday 前天qiăntiān
tomorrow 明天 míngtiān
the day after tomorrow 后天 hòutiān

this week 这个星期 zhège xīngqī
last week 上个星期 shàngge xīngqī
next week 下个星期 xiàge xīngqī

Weekdays in Chinese are easy: starting with 1 for Monday, just add the number after 星期 xīngqī. In Taiwan, 星期 is pronounced xīngqí (second tone on the second syllable).
Sunday 星期天 xīngqītiān or xīngqīrì (星期日)
Monday 星期一 xīngqīyī
Tuesday 星期二 xīngqīèr
Wednesday 星期三 xīngqīsān
Thursday 星期四 xīngqīsì
Friday 星期五 xīngqīwǔ
Saturday 星期六 xīngqīliù

星期 can also be replaced with 礼拜 lǐbài and occasionally 周 zhōu.

Months

Months in Chinese are also easy: starting with 1 for January, just add the number before 月 yuè.

January 一月, yī yuè
February 二月, èr yuè
March 三月, sān yuè
April 四月, sì yuè
May 五月, wŭ yuè
June 六月, liù yuè
July 七月, qī yuè
August 八月, bā yuè
September 九月, jiŭ yuè
October 十月, shí yuè
November 十一月, shí yī yuè
December 十二月, shí èr yuè
13th month:十三月, shí-sān yuè (occasionally added as a leap month in the Lunar Calendar)

Tips: From January to December, you just need to use this pattern: number (1-12) + yuè

Writing Dates

When writing the date, you name the month (number (1-12) + yuè), before inserting the day (number (1-31) + 日(rì)/ 号(hào) ).
Note that the usage of 号(hào), which is more often used in spoken
language, is more colloquial than that of 日(rì), which is more often
used in written documents.

6th January 一月六号 (yī yuè liù hào) or 一月六日 (yī yuè liù rì)
25th December 十二月二十五号 (shí-èr yuè èr-shí-wǔ hào)
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